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a COMMON SHIPPING TERMS
 
 
Said to Contain
 

Abbreviation: STC

 

Term in a Bill of Lading signifying that the master and the carrier are unaware of the nature or quantity of the contents of e.g. a carton, crate, container or bundle and are relying on the description furnished by the shipper.

   
arrow Salvage
  The saving or rescue of a vessel and/or the cargo from loss and/or damage at sea.
   
arrow Schedule
 

A timetable including arrival/departure times of ocean- and feeder vessels and also inland transportation. It refers to named ports in a specific voyage (journey) within a certain trade indicating the voyage number(s). In general: The plan of times for starting and/or finishing activities.

   
arrow Seal
 

A device used for containers, lockers, trucks or lorries to proof relevant parties that they have remained closed during transport.

   
arrow Seaworthiness
  Fitness of a vessel to travel in open sea mostly related to a particular voyage with a particular cargo.
Seller
Party selling merchandise to a buyer.
   
arrow Sender
 

A service Bill (of Lading) is a contract of carriage issued by one carrier to another for documentary and internal control purposes

   
 

For internal documentary and control purposes a so-called participating agent in a consortium uses some kind of document which, depending on the trade, is referred to as 'Memo Bill' which will among others state:

 

Name of Carrier on whose behalf the original document (Way Bill, Bill of Lading, etc.) was issued

 

Name of Carrier on whose behalf the original document (Way Bill, Bill of Lading, etc.) was issued

 

The original document number. The agent who issued the original document and his opponent at the discharging side

 

The number of packages, weight and measurement, marks and numbers and goods description

 

Further mandatory details in case of special cargo

   
 

No freight details will be mentioned and the Memo Bill is not a contract of carriage.
Acts as intermediary between shipowners or carriers by sea on the one hand and cargo interests on the other. The functions are to act as forwarding agent or custom broker, fixing of charters, and acting as chartering agent.

   
arrow Ship Operator
 

A ship operator is either the shipowner or the (legal) person responsible for the actual management of the vessel and its crew.

   
arrow Ship's Protest
 

Statement of the master of a vessel before (in the presence of) competent authorities, concerning exceptional events which occurred during a voyage.

   
arrow Shipment
  A separately identifiable collection of goods to be carried.
   
  Note: In the United States of America the word shipment is used instead of the word consignment.
arrow  
 

The (legal) person officially registered as such in the certificate of registry where the following particulars are contained:

 

Name of vessel and port of registry

arrow

Details contained in surveyors certificate

 

The particulars respecting the origin stated in the declaration of ownership

 

The name and description of the registered owner, if more than one owner the proportionate share of each

   
arrow Shipper
 

The merchant (person) by whom, in whose name or on whose behalf a contract of carriage of goods has been concluded with a carrier or any party by whom, in whose name or on whose behalf the goods are actually delivered to the carrier in relation to the contract of carriage.

   
arrow Shipper's Export Declaration
  Abbreviation: SED
A United States customs form to be completed for all exports to assist the government in compiling export statistics.
   
arrow Shipper's Letter of Instruction
 

Abbreviation: SLI
A document containing instructions given by the shipper or the shipper's agent for preparing documents and forwarding (air cargo).

   
arrow Shipping Note
 

Document provided by the shipper or his agent to the carrier, multimodal transport operator, terminal or other receiving authority, giving information about export consignments offered for transport, and providing for the necessary receipts and declarations of liability.

   
arrow Shipping Documents
  Documents required for the carriage of goods.
   
arrow Shipping Instruction
  Document advising details of cargo and exporter's requirements of its physical movement.
   
arrow Shipping Label
  A label attached to a unit, containing certain data.
   
arrow Shipping Marks
 

The identification shown on individual packages in order to help in moving it without delay or confusion to its final destination and to enable the checking of cargo against documents.

   
arrow Shortage
  The negative difference between actual available or delivered quantity and the required quantity.
   
arrow Shrink Wrapping
 

Heat treatment that shrinks an envelope of polyethylene or similar substance around several units, thus forming one unit. It is used e.g. to secure packages on a pallet.
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Slot
The space on board a vessel, required by one TEU, mainly used for administrative purposes.

   
arrow Slot Charter
 

A voyage charter whereby the shipowner agrees to place a certain number of container slots (TEU and/or FEU) at the charterer's disposal.

   
arrow Special Drawing Rights
 

Abbreviation: SDR
Unit of account from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), i.a. used to express the amount of the limitations of a carrier's liability.

   
arrow Special Rate
  A rate other than a normal rate.
   
arrow Stability
 

The capacity of a vessel to return to its original position after having been displaced by external forces. The stability of a vessel depends on the meta-centric height.

   
arrow Stack
 

An identifiable amount of containers stowed in a orderly way in one specified place on an (ocean) terminal, container freight station, container yard or depot.

   
arrow Storage
  The activity of placing goods into a store or the state of being in store (e.g. a warehouse).
   
arrow Storage Charge
  The fee for keeping goods in a warehouse.
   
arrow Stowage
  The placing and securing of cargo or containers on board a vessel or an aircraft or of cargo in a container.
   
arrow Stowage Factor
 

Ratio of a cargo's cubic measurement to its weight, expressed in cubic feet to the ton or cubic metres to the tonne, used in order to determine the total quantity of cargo which can be loaded in a certain space.

   
arrow Stowage Instructions
 

Imperative details about the way certain cargo is to be stowed, given by the shipper or his agent.
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Stowage Plan
A plan indicating the locations on the vessel of all the consignments for the benefit of stevedores and vessel's officers.

   
arrow Stripping
  The unloading of cargo out of a container.
   
arrow Stuffing
  The loading of cargo into a container.
   
arrow Supply Chain
  A sequence of events in a goods flow which adds to the value of a specific good. These events may include:
 
  • conversion
  •  
  • assembling and/or disassembling
  •  
  • movements and placements
  •  
    arrow Supply Vessel
      Vessel which carries stock and stores to offshore drilling rigs, platforms.
       
    arrow Surcharge
      An additional charge added to the usual or customary freight.
     
    arrow Survey
      An inspection of a certain item or object by a recognised specialist.
       
    arrow Surveyor
      A specialist who carries out surveys.
      Note: A surveyor is often representing a classification bureau or a governmental body.
       
     
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